Different Types of Ruby Gemstones with their Origins

Different Types of Ruby Gemstones with their Origins

Ruby gemstones are precious and valuable gemstones. Ruby made a loyal position in ancient times. It is a valuable gemstone due to its attractive color and hardness of 9.00 on the Mohs scale.

Rubies come from aluminum oxide or Corundum. Ruby gemstones come in different shades of red, which is determined by various elements. Chromic oxide gives the red color to ruby.

A pink or light color ruby stone exists due to the presence of chromium and iron. The rubies with the most intense shade of red have high levels of titanium.

In this exploration, we will embark on a fascinating journey, delving into the origins of various types of ruby gemstones. Each step unfolds a narrative of geological processes, cultural significance, and the mystical allure that surrounds these precious stones.

The Geological Genesis

To understand the diverse types of ruby gemstones, one must first explore their geological origins. Rubies are a variety of corundum, a mineral composed of aluminum and oxygen—the intense red color results from the presence of chromium in the crystal lattice during formation. The journey begins beneath the Earth’s surface, where geological forces conspire to create the perfect conditions for ruby formation.

  1. Metamorphic Marvels:

The majority of rubies emerge from metamorphic environments, where high pressure and temperature cause changes in existing minerals. The marble and schist formations become the crucible for ruby formation, with Myanmar standing out as a significant source of metamorphic rubies. The Mogok Valley, often referred to as the “Valley of Rubies,” has yielded some of the world’s most exquisite stones.

  1. Magmatic Mysteries:

Another intriguing origin lies in magmatic processes, where molten rock or magma contains the necessary elements for ruby formation. The heat and pressure during the cooling process create ideal conditions for corundum crystallization. The Montepuez region in Mozambique is renowned for its rubies born from such magmatic forces, presenting a distinctive character compared to their metamorphic counterparts.

Types of Ruby Gemstones

1. Burmese Rubies:

Burmese ruby gemstones are an excellent type of ruby gemstones, and they are one of the top-quality rubies. These rubies have a deep red color due to the presence of chromium in them. Burmese rubies are found in Myanmar. The Mogok Valley, known as the “Land of Rubies,” has been a source of these precious stones for centuries. Burmese rubies often display a mesmerizing fluorescence, further enhancing their allure.


All rubies have blemishes; if someone wants to recognize a fake ruby gemstone from a natural ruby gemstone, that person should inspect the stone for its blemish mark.

Origin: Myanmar

2. African Ruby:

Africa, notably Mozambique and Tanzania, has emerged as a prominent hub for ruby mining. Mozambican rubies, with their vibrant red hues and exceptional transparency, have gained recognition in the gemstone market. Mozambique has been a focal point, producing rubies with lively brilliance and diverse color variations.



Origin: Mozambique and Kenya

3. Thai Ruby Gemstone:

Thailand has a rich history in the ruby trade, and Thai rubies are esteemed for their dark red color and intense fluorescence. The Chanthaburi province is renowned for producing high-quality rubies, often treated to enhance their color and clarity. Thai rubies bear a unique charm, reflecting the country’s cultural significance in the world of gemstones.


Origin: Bangkok

4. Tanzania Ruby Gemstone:

Tanzanian rubies are celebrated for their exceptional color range, which spans from vivid reds to slightly purplish-red tones. The stones often exhibit a lively brilliance, making them prized possessions for collectors and enthusiasts alike. The clarity of Tanzanian rubies contributes to their overall allure, with many stones showcasing minimal inclusions, enhancing their visual appeal.

One of the distinctive features of Tanzanian rubies is their fluorescence. Under ultraviolet light, these rubies can exhibit a captivating red glow, adding an extra layer of mystique to their charm. This unique characteristic sets Tanzanian rubies apart and makes them stand out in the competitive gemstone market.


Origin: Songea

5. Madagascar Ruby Stone:

Madagascar rubies are celebrated for their vivid red colors, often displaying a mesmerizing blend of pinkish and purplish undertones. The stones are known for their brilliance and clarity, making them highly sought after by gemstone enthusiasts and collectors alike. The unique combination of color and transparency gives Madagascar rubies a distinctive appearance that adds to their allure.

This characteristic enhances the stones’ visual appeal, making them ideal for a variety of jewelry settings. The island’s rubies are also recognized for their relatively large crystal sizes, contributing to the creation of statement pieces that showcase the natural beauty of these gems.


Origin: Andilamena and Vatomandry


6. Afghanistan Ruby Gemstones:

Afghanistan rubies are known for their deep red and sometimes purplish-red hues. The stones often exhibit a rich saturation of color, contributing to their allure. Gemologists appreciate the clarity of many Afghanistan rubies, with some stones displaying minimal inclusions. The relatively large crystal sizes further enhance the visual impact of these gemstones, making them suitable for a variety of jewelry designs.

The natural brilliance and transparency of Afghanistan rubies position them as coveted gems, and their unique characteristics contribute to the growing recognition of Afghan rubies in the international gemstone trade.


Origin: Badakshan and Jagdalek

Treatment and Enhancement

To meet the demand for vibrant and flawless rubies, various treatment methods are employed in the gemstone industry. Consumers need to understand these treatments to make informed purchasing decisions.

  1. Heat Treatment:

The most common enhancement method involves subjecting rubies to high temperatures to improve color and clarity. This process is widely accepted in the industry and can result in more vibrant and desirable hues.

  1. Lead Glass filling:

Some rubies undergo a filling process where fractures and cavities are filled with lead glass to enhance transparency. While this treatment can improve the overall appearance, consumers must be aware of the treatment and its potential long-term effects.

In the wide variety of gemstones, rubies stand as timeless gems with a rich tapestry of geological origins, cultural significance, and contemporary appeal. From the depths of Myanmar’s Mogok Valley to the vibrant markets of Thailand, each type of ruby carries a unique story within its crimson depths. As we continue to appreciate the allure of rubies, it’s essential to balance our fascination with knowledge and understanding of the geological processes, cultural meanings, and ethical considerations that shape the world of these exquisite gemstones.

Frequently Asked Questions:

  1. What distinguishes Burmese rubies from other types?

Burmese rubies, primarily from Myanmar, are renowned for their exceptional pigeon-blood red color, clarity, and fluorescence. The Mogok Valley in Myanmar, also known as the “Valley of Rubies,” is a significant source, producing some of the world’s most sought-after rubies.

  1. What makes African rubies unique?

African rubies, specifically from Mozambique and Tanzania, have gained prominence in the gemstone market. Mozambican rubies, with their vibrant red hues and exceptional transparency, are notable. Tanzanian rubies are celebrated for their diverse color range, brilliance, and fluorescence.

  1. How can consumers ensure they are purchasing ethically sourced rubies?

Consumers can seek information about a ruby’s origin, inquire about ethical certifications, and choose reputable jewelers committed to responsible sourcing. Supporting fair trade practices and transparent supply chains is essential in ensuring ethical ruby purchases.

  1. What are the main treatments applied to rubies, and how do they impact the gemstone?

Heat treatment is the most common method to enhance the color and clarity of rubies. Some rubies may undergo lead glass filling to improve transparency. It’s crucial for consumers to be aware of these treatments and their potential long-term effects when making purchasing decisions.

  1. Tell me more about Thai rubies and their characteristics?

Thai rubies, predominantly from Thailand’s Chanthaburi province, are admired for their dark red color and strong fluorescence. The Thai gemstone market has a rich history, and Thai rubies often undergo treatment to enhance their color and clarity.