Different Cuts Of Ruby Gemstone

The ruby stone (also known as Manik stone) belongs to the corundum family and it is a type of sapphire. The fascinating red color of the ruby stone and the excellent physical properties of this stone have rapidly increased the demand for this stone.

The compelling color of this stone and which is just succeeded by the diamond stone helps in building the reputation of this stone in the market. Consequently, the price of ruby stone has increased rapidly over the years. Additionally, as per some reports, the price of ruby has surpassed the price of diamond stone in recent years.

This happens due to the rich color, shape, and cuts of the ruby gemstone. Today, we would precisely talk about the different shapes of ruby stones in which this stone is famously spotted.


The Importance of Ruby Cuts:

The cut of a ruby is crucial in determining its visual appeal and value. A well-executed cut maximizes the gem’s color saturation, brilliance, and overall beauty. Whether it’s a classic cut or a modern design, the artistry behind each cut showcases the skill of the lapidary and enhances the intrinsic beauty of the ruby.

Classic Cuts:

1. Round Cut:

The round cut, also known as a brilliant cut, is one of the most popular and traditional cuts for rubies. This timeless shape maximizes the stone’s brilliance and fire. The symmetrical facets allow light to reflect in a way that intensifies the red color, creating a mesmerizing sparkle.

2. Oval Cut:

The oval cut is a sophisticated and elegant choice for ruby gemstones. It combines the brilliance of a round cut with a unique elongated shape. Oval-cut rubies are often used in various jewelry settings, from rings to pendants, showcasing their versatility.

3. Cushion Cut:

Known for its square or rectangular shape with rounded corners, the cushion cut is a classic choice that provides a blend of brilliance and romantic charm. This cut highlights the ruby’s color while maintaining a timeless appeal.

Modern and Unique Cuts:

1. Princess Cut:

The princess cut is a contemporary and popular choice for rubies. With its square shape and pointed corners, this cut offers a modern and edgy aesthetic. Princess-cut rubies are often set in engagement rings, adding a touch of glamour and sophistication.

2. Emerald Cut:

The emerald cut, characterized by its rectangular shape and trimmed corners, emphasizes the ruby’s clarity and color. While it is more commonly associated with emeralds, this cut can enhance the beauty of rubies by showcasing their vibrant red hue in a distinctive manner.

3. Pear Cut:

The pear cut, also known as teardrop or drop cut, is a unique and versatile option for ruby gemstones. Its combination of a rounded bottom and pointed top creates a shape reminiscent of a dewdrop, offering a romantic and graceful appearance.

Specialty Cuts:

1. Cabochon Cut:

The cabochon cut is characterized by a smooth, rounded, and polished surface without facets. This cut is often chosen for rubies with asterism – a phenomenon where a star-like pattern appears when illuminated. Cabochon-cut rubies showcase this phenomenon beautifully, creating a mystical and celestial effect.

2.  Heart Cut:

The heart cut, symbolizing love and romance, is a distinctive choice for ruby gemstones. Crafted with a pointed bottom and a rounded top, this cut is favored in romantic jewelry pieces such as heart-shaped rings and pendants.

Factors Influencing Ruby Cuts:

1.  Color Considerations:

The cut of a ruby is intricately connected to its color. A well-executed cut enhances the richness and intensity of the red hue. Lapidaries carefully choose the cut to maximize the ruby’s color saturation and achieve a harmonious balance.

2. Inclusions and Clarity:

The presence of inclusions, or internal flaws, in a ruby can influence the choice of cut. Cabochon cuts, for example, may be preferred for rubies with noticeable inclusions, as the smooth surface minimizes their impact on the gem’s appearance.

3. Size and Shape of the Rough Stone:

The size and shape of the rough ruby play a significant role in determining the ideal cut. Lapidaries aim to maximize the carat weight while ensuring the cut complements the natural shape of the rough stone.

The Art of Precision: Lapidary Techniques:

1.  Faceting:

Faceting is a precise technique used in traditional cuts, such as the round brilliant cut, to create symmetrical and strategically angled facets. The number and arrangement of facets are carefully calculated to maximize the reflection and refraction of light, enhancing the ruby’s brilliance.

2. Cabochon Cutting:

Cabochon cutting involves shaping and polishing the ruby into a smooth, rounded, and domed surface. This technique is commonly used for rubies with asterism or those with visible inclusions, as it minimizes the impact of imperfections.

3. Precision Cutting for Asterism:

For rubies that exhibit asterism, lapidaries employ precision cutting to enhance the star-like pattern. This involves aligning the cut to showcase the asterism effect prominently, adding a celestial touch to the gem.

Famous Ruby Cuts and Their Stories:

1. The Sunrise Ruby:

The Sunrise Ruby, a 25.59-carat Burmese ruby, gained fame not only for its exceptional color but also for its cushion-cut perfection. Its vivid red hue and impeccable cut contribute to its status as one of the most valuable rubies in the world.

2. The De Long Star Ruby:

Weighing an impressive 100.32 carats, the De Long Star Ruby boasts a cabochon cut that showcases a stunning six-rayed star. This mesmerizing effect, coupled with its size, makes it a remarkable example of precision cutting to enhance asterism.

In the world of gemstones, the cut is an art that transforms raw beauty into a mesmerizing masterpiece. The diverse cuts of ruby gemstones cater to different tastes and styles, from classic and timeless to modern and avant-garde. Whether it’s the brilliance of a round cut, the romance of a heart cut, or the mystique of a cabochon cut, each style adds a unique facet to the allure of ruby gemstones. As we continue to explore and appreciate the craftsmanship behind these cuts, we deepen our understanding of the timeless elegance that rubies bring to the world of jewelry.


Frequently Asked Questions :

1: Why does the cut of a ruby matter?

The cut of a ruby significantly affects its visual appeal, brilliance, and overall beauty. A well-executed cut enhances the gemstone’s color saturation, maximizes its sparkle, and showcases its intrinsic beauty. It plays a crucial role in determining the value and aesthetics of the ruby.

2: What are some classic cuts for ruby gemstones?

 Classic cuts for ruby gemstones include the round cut (brilliant cut), oval cut, and cushion cut. These timeless shapes have been popular for their ability to maximize brilliance and highlight the rich red hue of rubies.

3: Are there modern cuts for ruby gemstones?

 Yes, modern cuts for ruby gemstones include the princess cut, emerald cut, and pear cut. These contemporary designs offer unique and edgy aesthetics, catering to those seeking a more modern and fashionable look for their ruby jewelry.

4: What is the significance of the cabochon cut for rubies?

The cabochon cut involves shaping and polishing the ruby into a smooth, rounded, and domed surface without facets. This cut is often chosen for rubies with asterism (a star-like pattern) or visible inclusions, as it minimizes the impact of imperfections and highlights unique features.

5: Can the cut of a ruby affect its value?

 Absolutely. The cut of a ruby is one of the factors that determine its overall value. A well-cut ruby that enhances color, brilliance, and clarity will generally be more valuable than a poorly cut stone, regardless of its size.